Special Disease Control Programmes
· National Programme for Tuberculosis Control & Chest Dseases
Respiratory disease control activities carried out by the three district chest clinics. Chest Clinic, Galle is headed by a consultant chest physician and functions as the provincial chest clinic. Matara and Hamabantota chest clinics are manned by the district Tuberculosis (TB) control officers. Inward facilities for TB patients are available at base hospital Udugama. All TB patients who need inward care from the whole province have to come to BH, Udugama. There are no separate inward facilities for the other respiratory patients. Consultant chest physician is managing those patients through the other medical wards in the secondary and tertiary care institutions. Tuberculosis control activities are done according to the national policy, case finding and treatment being the main strategy. Case finding is done giving priority to sputum examination at chest clinics and through microscopy centres in primary and secondary care institutions. All diagnosed TB patients are registered at district chest clinics and directly observed treatment is arranged in health care facilities nearest to their place of residence. Medical officers of health are notified about the patients reported from their respective areas at the time of registration to monitor the treatment and to follow up for two years.
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Malaria Control Programme
Regional malaria office situated in Hamabantota , handles Malaria control activities of the Southern Province. Recently with the increase of other vector borne diseases functions of the malaria officer have expanded. Activities of the regional Malaria office have been integrated with under mentioned strategies.
I. Strengthening malaria case surveillance to increase Annual
Blood Examination Rate (ABER) and confirmation by microscopy or Rapid Diagnostic Test kits (RDT).
II. Prompt treatment
III. Epidemiological surveillance
IV. Strengthening entomological surveillance
V. Proper vector control depending on the entomological data
VI. Capacity building
VII. Quality control of surveillance systems
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• STD/ National Programme
National programme for STD and AIDS Control (NSACP) operates in Sri Lanka to control STDs while holds following objectives and the Southern province also proceed accordingly.
I. Prevention of transmission of Sexually Transmitted Infections (.
STIs) including HIV
II.Provision of care and support for those infected and affected with
STIs including HIV.
There are four STD/AIDS clinics in the Southern Province. Galle district clinics are situated at Base Hospital Balapitiya and Teaching Hospital Mahamodara. In Matara it is located at District General Hospital Matara and in Hambantota at Hambantota DGH premises. The main components of the STD/ AIDS control programme are targeted in preventing STI/HIV among most at risk populations and general population including youth and women, provision of treatment, care and support for those infected and affected with HIV, comprehensive care for STIs, provision of laboratory services, creating awareness and behaviour change communication, counselling and testing for HIV, prevention of mother to child transmission of HIV, surveillance, research, monitoring and evaluation of STI and HIV services. Clinic at TH Mahamodara is providing specialized care functions as a referral centre for the entire province.
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Rabies Control Programme
Public Health Veterinary Services are available at the national level to control rabies under the following strategies and they have been also adopted by the province. District rabies control units execute the rabies control activities of the respective district.
I. Vaccination of all different groups of dogs
II. Awareness campaigns on responsible dog/pet ownership
II. Animal birth control programme to reduce most susceptible
III. Habitat control
III. Continuous Monitoring and Evaluation
• Filarisis Control Programme
Filarisis control Programme operates at the national level to control the filarisis .when considering the Southern province two filarisis control units established in the Galle and Matara districts that operates in accordance with the national guidelines and strategies.